XXX Chats

The most splendorous edifice erected under the patronage of Raja Raja and his family is the Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur. There were exchange of emissaries between the Chola and Chinese rulers during the period of Raja Raja.

This person was either a Chinese merchant/dignitary who contributed to building of the temple in large way for his image to have found place with images of gods of goddesses. Previously Chola inscriptions have generally been reported only from erstwhile South Travancore or the present Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu.

Raja Raja Chola and Rajendra Chola-I are know to have made invasions into Kerala region however the archaeological evidences indicating the same have been very few.

This paper tries to briefly to dwell on the art and iconography of the Ganesha images in the caves.

Kollam was an important transhipment port of medieval times along the Kerala coast.

The woman informed about the strange happening to village elders, who sensed divinity in the black stone.

A temple was built around the swayambhoo, and it has stood the test of time.

In literature, allusions to Kollam by the names Male, Khulam, Coilum, Coilon, Quilon etc.

It was the busiest port of Kerala between 9th and 14th CE under the Ay/Chera/Venad rulers.

The earliest sculptural and painted images of Ganesha from ancient Kerala region are found in rock-cut cave temples of Kerala dating to 8th -9th CE.

The rock-cut caves with Ganesha images include Kaviyur, Kottukal, Madavoorpara, Thirunantikarai and Azhagiyapandipuram.

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