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Although Kouroi have been found in many ancient Greek territories, they were especially prominent in Attica and Boiotia.

These free-standing sculptures were typically marble, but the form is also rendered in limestone, wood, bronze, ivory and terracotta.

She distinguishes six groups by their common anatomical features, with particular reference to the major muscle groups as illustrated in the écorchés to the right. 615–590 BC: the dates of this period are tentative, roughly late seventh-early sixth century, which Richter infers from the duration of development necessary for the previous generations from the more securely dated Tenea-Volomandra group.

Such belts have traditionally been assumed to be an abbreviated symbol of a more complex costume, suggests in her 1977 The Archaic Style in Greek Sculpture that this may have been an attribute of Apollo, athleticism or magical powers, though its iconography remains obscure.

Further, there is the question of the nudity of the kouros and if this is also an attribute.

The grid was applied to the surface of the block being carved, allowing the major anatomical features to be located at fixed grid points.

Iversen has shown that the New York kouros conforms to this ratio of proportion.

It was Guralnick, however, who developed this discovery by comparing other kouroi by means of cluster and Z-score profile analysis to the Egyptian Canon II and a control group composed of statistically average Mediterranean men.

As a result, she has identified two strains within methods of proportioning in sixth century kouroi, where the majority follow the general line of evolution from the foreign model towards an idealized human norm.

Indeed, some kouroi placed in sanctuaries were not inscribed with the name of the god but with a mortal, for example the 'Delphi Twins' Kleobis and Biton were honoured for their piety with matching kouroi.

A direct influence between Egyptian sculptures (in particular the figure of Horus) and the kouros type has long been conjectured, not least because of trade and cultural relations that are known to have existed since the mid-seventh century BCE.

A 1978 study by Eleanor Guralnick applied stereophotogrammetric measurement and cluster analysis to a number of Greek and Egyptian statues and found the correlation between the Second Canon of the 26th Dynasty and Greek kouroi to be widely distributed but not universal.

The problem of the evolution of the kouros type is inevitably linked to that of the overall development of monumental Archaic Greek sculpture.

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